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|Title:||Gallotannin from bouea macrophylla seed extract suppresses cancer stem‐like cells and radiosensitizes head and neck cancer|
|Keywords:||Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Chemical Engineering;Chemistry;Computer Science|
|Abstract:||Cancer stem cells (CSCs) play a critical role in radiation resistance and recurrence. Thus, drugs targeting CSCs can be combined with radiotherapy to improve its antitumor efficacy. Here, we investigated whether a gallotannin extract from Bouea macrophylla seed (MPSE) and its main bioactive compound, pentagalloyl glucose (PGG), could suppress the stemness trait and further confer the radiosensitivity of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cell lines. In this study, we evaluate the effect of MPSE or PGG to suppress CSC‐like phenotypes and radiosensitiza-tion of HNSCC cell lines using a series of in vitro experiments, tumorsphere formation assay, colony formation assay, apoptosis assay, and Western blotting analysis. We demonstrate that MPSE or PGG is able to suppress tumorsphere formation and decrease protein expression of cancer stem cell markers. MPSE or PGG also enhanced the radiosensitivity in HNSCC cells. Pretreatment of cells with MPSE or PGG increased IR‐induced DNA damage (γ‐H2Ax) and enhanced radiation‐induced cell death. Notably, we observed that pretreatment with MPSE or PGG attenuated the IR‐induced stemness‐like properties characterized by tumorsphere formation and the CD44 CSC marker. Our findings describe a novel strategy for increasing therapeutic efficacy for head and neck cancer patients using the natural products MPSE and PGG.|
|Appears in Collections:||CMUL: Journal Articles|
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