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|Title:||Continuous positive airway pressure adherence in people with obstructive sleep apnoea|
|Abstract:||Objectives: This cross-sectional study aimed to identify whether five factors of the health belief model were related to continuous positive airway pressure adherence in Thai people with obstructive sleep apnoea. Background: Obstructive sleep apnoea is a disorder impacting health, social wellbeing and the economy. Continuous positive airway pressure is a gold standard of treatment; however, poor adherence to treatment is an important issue that is related to a multiplicity of psychological and behavioural factors. Methods: The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) checklist for cross-sectional studies was used to report the study. Purposive sampling was used to recruit 94 patients newly diagnosed with sleep apnoea and using CPAP devices from a sleep clinic. Participants completed a demographic record, the Thai versions of the Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire, the Perceived Barriers Questionnaire and the Self-Efficacy Measure for Sleep Apnea. CPAP adherence was measured by using information downloaded from the smart card of the devices. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and logistic regression. Results: Only 54.3% of participants adhered to CPAP treatment using standard protocols. Perceived seriousness of their condition was significantly associated with CPAP adherence, whereas perceived susceptibility, benefits, barriers and self-efficacy were not. Conclusions: We found a low rate of CPAP adherence among participants. The only factor related to CPAP adherence was perceived seriousness. Relevance for the clinical practice: With a low rate of CPAP adherence, healthcare professionals, especially nurses, should encourage patients to use CPAP regularly by providing them with support and education regarding the severity of the disease if untreated and the benefits of CPAP treatment on the disease. Healthcare professionals should be aware of psychological factors impacting patients’ perception of sleep apnoea and CPAP treatment. Interventions dealing with these factors should be developed and implemented in practice.|
|Appears in Collections:||CMUL: Journal Articles|
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