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|Title:||HIV-infected women with low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion on cervical cytology have higher risk of underlying high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia|
|Abstract:||Objective: To evaluate the risk of histological high-grade cervical lesions defined as cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse (CIN2+) in women with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection who had low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL) on cervical cytological screening compared with HIV-uninfected women who had similar cytology. Methods: 127 HIV-positive women aged 18–65 years with LSIL cytology undergoing colposcopic examination between January 2008 and December 2019 at Chiang Mai University Hospital were reviewed. By matching 1:1 ratio for age (±5 years) and examination time period (±12 months), 127 HIV-negative women with LSIL cytology in the same period were recruited as controlled subjects for comparison. The patients’ characteristics, HIV status, CD4 counts, antiretroviral therapy, and histopathology on cervical biopsy were analyzed. Results: HIV-infected women significantly had early sexual debut (age < 20 years) and more sexual partners (≥2) than HIV-uninfected women. The risk of underlying CIN2+ in HIV-infected women was significantly higher than that in HIV-negative women (20.5% vs. 9.4%, p = 0.021) with an odds ratio (OR) of 2.47 and 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.18–5.14. After adjustment, the risk of underlying CIN2+ in HIV-infected women remained significantly higher than that in HIV-uninfected women (adjusted OR = 2.55, 95% CI = 1.11–5.82, p = 0.027). Conclusion: Among women with LSIL on cervical cytology, the risk of underlying CIN2+ in HIV-infected women was approximately 2.5 times higher than those without HIV infection. Colposcopy is indicated particularly in the case of women with a long duration of HIV infection.|
|Appears in Collections:||CMUL: Journal Articles|
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