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|Title:||Protective effects of purple rice husk against diabetic nephropathy by modulating pgc-1α/sirt3/sod2 signaling and maintaining mitochondrial redox equilibrium in rats|
|Keywords:||Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology|
|Abstract:||Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the primary cause of end-stage renal disease worldwide. Oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction are central to its pathogenesis. Rice husk, the leftover from the milling process, is a good source of phytochemicals with antioxidant activity. This study evaluated the possible protection of purple rice husk extract (PRHE) against diabetic kidney injury. Type 2 diabetic rats were given vehicle, PRHE, metformin, and PRHE+metformin, respectively, while nondiabetic rats received vehicle. After 12 weeks, diabetic rats developed nephropathy as proven by metabolic alterations (increased blood glucose, insulin, HOMA-IR, triglycerides, cholesterol) and renal abnormalities (podocyte injury, microalbuminuria, increased serum creatinine, decreased creatinine clearance). Treatment with PRHE, metformin, or combination diminished these changes, improved mitochondrial function (decreased mitochondrial swelling, reactive oxygen species pro-duction, membrane potential changes), and reduced renal oxidative damage (decreased lipid peroxi-dation and increased antioxidants). Increased expression of PGC-1α, SIRT3, and SOD2 and decreased expression of Ac-SOD2 correlated with the beneficial outcomes. HPLC revealed protocatechuic acid and cyanidin-3-glucoside as the key components of PRHE. The findings indicate that PRHE effectively protects against the development of DN by retaining mitochondrial redox equilibrium via the regulation of PGC-1α-SIRT3-SOD2 signaling. This study creates an opportunity to develop this agricultural waste into a useful health product for diabetes.|
|Appears in Collections:||CMUL: Journal Articles|
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