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dc.contributor.authorMahmoud M. Habibaen_US
dc.contributor.authorEbtehal E. Husseinen_US
dc.contributor.authorAhmed M. Ashryen_US
dc.contributor.authorAhmed M. El-Zayaten_US
dc.contributor.authorAziza M. Hassanen_US
dc.contributor.authorAhmed M. El-Shehawien_US
dc.contributor.authorHani Sewilamen_US
dc.contributor.authorHien Van Doanen_US
dc.contributor.authorMahmoud A.O. Dawooden_US
dc.description.abstractDietary cinnamon has several bioactive compounds with growth-promoting and im-munomodulation potential and is suggested for finfish species. This study evaluated the inclusion of cinnamon at 0, 10, 15, and 20 g/kg in European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) diets. After 90 days, the highest final weight, weight gain, specific growth rate, protein efficiency ratio, and the lowest feed conversion ratio were seen in fish treated with 10 g/kg (p < 0.05). Further, the measured growth hormone in the blood indicated that fish treated with 10 g/kg had a higher level than fish 0 and 20 g/kg. After the feeding trial, fish treated with cinnamon at varying levels had higher lipid content than fish before the feeding trial (p < 0.05). Lower Vibrio spp. and Faecal Coliform counts were observed in fish treated with cinnamon than fish fed a cinnamon-free diet (p < 0.05). The hematocrit level was markedly (p < 0.05) increased in fish fed cinnamon at 10 g/kg compared to the control without significant differences with fish fed 15 and 20 g/kg. Hemoglobin was significantly increased in fish treated with cinnamon at 10, 15, and 20 g/kg compared to fish fed a cinnamon-free diet (p < 0.05). Red and white blood cells (RBCs and WBCs) were meaningfully (p < 0.05) increased in fish treated with cinnamon compared with the control. Markedly, fish treated with cinnamon had higher serum total lipids than the control with the highest value in fish treated with 15 g/kg (p < 0.05). The lysozyme activity was markedly higher in fish treated with 15 g cinnamon/kg than fish fed 0, 10, and 20 g/kg (p < 0.05). Moreover, phagocytic activity was significantly higher in fish treated with cinnamon at 10, and 15 g/kg than fish fed 0 and 20 g/kg (p < 0.05). In conclusion, dietary cinnamon is suggested at 10–15 g/kg for achieving the high production and wellbeing of European sea bass.en_US
dc.subjectAgricultural and Biological Sciencesen_US
dc.titleDietary cinnamon successfully enhanced the growth performance, growth hormone, antibacterial capacity, and immunity of european sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax)en_US
article.volume11en_US Universityen_US Institute of Oceanography and Fisheriesen_US Universityen_US Universityen_US University in Cairoen_USälische Technische Hochschule Aachenen_US Universityen_US Mai Universityen_US
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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