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dc.contributor.authorSutasinee Apichaien_US
dc.contributor.authorChalermpong Saenjumen_US
dc.contributor.authorThanawat Pattananandechaen_US
dc.contributor.authorKitti Phojuangen_US
dc.contributor.authorSiraprapa Wattanakulen_US
dc.contributor.authorKanokwan Kiwfoen_US
dc.contributor.authorAttachai Jintraweten_US
dc.contributor.authorKate Grudpanen_US
dc.description.abstractA modern chemical sensor system (M-CSS) was developed for the cost-effective chemical analysis of Thai precision and sustainable agriculture (TPSA), which is suitable in rural Thailand and elsewhere. The aim of this study was to achieve precision and sustainable agriculture (P-SA). The M-CSS functions according to the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) definition and incorporates information and communication technologies (ICTs). The developed chemical sensor in the M-CSS is based on a colorimetric determination by a smart device/smartphone. Additionally, the preparation of soil samples was investigated. Soil samples of optimal conditions were extracted using an acid extractant in the ratio of one to two (extract to soil sample). Then, phosphate-phosphorous and potassium were detected with the M-CSS, which showed an excellent correlation with the standard reference methods. Interestingly, it is noteworthy that the at-site analysis of the developed method could detect a greater nitrate-nitrogen content than that of the standard reference method. The developed cost-effective analysis for the plant macronutrient content in the soil, including nitrate-nitrogen, phosphate-phosphorous, and potassium, was demonstrated for organic vegetable farms at the real P-SA research site in Northern Thailand. The obtained results can guide the management of the application of fertilizers. The proposed M-CSS exhibited the potential to be used for at-site soil macronutrient analysis and represents the starting point of Thai precision and sustainable agriculture (TPSA).en_US
dc.subjectAgricultural and Biological Sciencesen_US
dc.subjectEnvironmental Scienceen_US
dc.titleCost-effective modern chemical sensor system for soil macronutrient analysis applied to thai sustainable and precision agricultureen_US
article.volume10en_US Mai Universityen_US
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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