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|Title:||Rice husk-derived nano-SiO<inf>2</inf> assembled on reduced graphene oxide distributed on conductive flexible polyaniline frameworks towards high-performance lithium-ion batteries|
Ai Shui Yu
Ai Shui Yu
|Abstract:||By combining rice husk-derived nano-silica and reduced graphene oxide and then polymerizing PANI by in situ polymerization, we created polyaniline-coated rice husk-derived nano-silica@reduced graphene oxide (PANI-SiO2@rGO) composites with excellent electrochemical performance. ATR-FTIR and XRD analyses confirm the formation of PANI-SiO2@rGO, implying that SiO2@rGO served as a template in the formation of composites. The morphology of PANI-SiO2@rGO was characterized by SEM, HRTEM, and STEM, in which SiO2 nanoparticles were homogeneously loaded on graphene sheets and the PANI fibrous network uniformly covers the SiO2@rGO composites. The structure can withstand the large volume change as well as retain electronic conductivity during Li-ion insertion/extraction. Over 400 cycles, the assembled composite retains a high reversible specific capacity of 680 mA h g−1 at a current density of 0.4 A g−1, whereas the SiO2@rGO retains only 414 mA h g−1 at 0.4 A g−1 after 215 cycles. The enhanced electrochemical performance of PANI-SiO2@rGO was a result of the dual protection provided by the PANI flexible layer and graphene sheets. PANI-SiO2@rGO composites may pave the way for the development of advanced anode materials for high-performance lithium-ion batteries.|
|Appears in Collections:||CMUL: Journal Articles|
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