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|Title:||Gamma-Oryzanol-Rich Fraction from Purple Rice Extract Attenuates Lipopolysaccharide-Stimulated Inflammatory Responses, Migration and VEGFA Production in SW480 Cells via Modulation of TLR4 and NF-κB Pathways|
|Keywords:||Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Medicine;Nursing|
|Abstract:||Inflammatory response facilitating colorectal cancer (CRC) progression is a serious event following operative infection, which can occur in CRC patients. This event is mainly mediated by bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), via a toll like receptor 4 (TLR4) and NF-κB. Hexane soluble fraction (HSF) from purple rice extract (PRE) has been identified as a γ-oryzanol (OR)-rich fraction. Recently, HSF possessed inhibitory effect of LPS-stimulated metastasis of human colon cancer SW480 cells, however the related mechanism was unknown. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the effect of HSF on inflammatory response-associated cancer progression of LPS-stimulated SW480 cells. The various inflammatory mediators, vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGFA) and related pathways were evaluated by Western blot and ELISA. Furthermore, cell migration was also determined by migration assays. Of all, HSF seemed to be stronger than OR to attenuate the responsiveness of LPS on various inflammatory mediators, which was related to an obvious reduction of cancer cell migration as well as indistinct disruption on VEGFA production in SW480 cells, via downregulation of TLR4 and NF-κB. Therefore, OR-rich fraction from PRE, against the subsequent inflammatory response and CRC progression following surgery, which could be combined with conventional treatments to increase the survival rate.|
|Appears in Collections:||CMUL: Journal Articles|
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