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dc.contributor.authorNguyen Vu Linhen_US
dc.contributor.authorDoai Van Nguyenen_US
dc.contributor.authorNuttapon Khongdeeen_US
dc.contributor.authorSupreya Wannavijiten_US
dc.contributor.authorPiyatida Outamaen_US
dc.contributor.authorChinh Le Xuanen_US
dc.contributor.authorSugunya Mahatheeranonten_US
dc.contributor.authorPhumon Sookwongen_US
dc.contributor.authorThanh Dien Leen_US
dc.contributor.authorSeyed Hossein Hoseinifaren_US
dc.contributor.authorYong Hwan Moonen_US
dc.contributor.authorHien Van Doanen_US
dc.description.abstractThis study investigated the effects of dietary supplementation with anthocyanin extracted from black rice bran (AR) on the growth rate, immunological response, and expression of immune and antioxidant genes in Nile tilapia raised in an indoor biofloc system. A total of 300 Nile tilapia fingerlings (15.14 ± 0.032 g) were maintained in 150 L tanks and acclimatized for two weeks. Five experimental AR diets (0, 1, 2, 4, and 8 g kg−1) with various anthocyanin doses were used to feed the fish. We observed that the growth and feed utilization of fish fed with different dietary AR levels increased significantly after eight weeks (p < 0.05). In addition, the serum immunity of fish fed AR diets was much greater than that of those fed non-AR diets (p < 0.05). However, there were little or no difference in between fish fed AR enriched diets and the control AR-free diet (p > 0.05). After eight weeks, fish fed AR-supplemented diets had significantly higher mRNA transcript levels in immune (interleukin [IL]-1, IL-8, and liposaccharide-binding protein [LBP]) and antioxidant (glutathione transferase-alpha [GST-α] and glutathione reductase [GSR]) genes compared to control fish fed the AR-free diet, with the greatest enhancement of mRNA transcript levels (in the case of IL-8 by up to about 5.8-fold) in the 4 g kg−1 AR diet. These findings suggest that dietary inclusion of AR extract from black rice bran at 4–8 g kg−1 could function as a herbal immunostimulant to enhance growth performance, feed consumption, and immunity in Nile tilapia.en_US
dc.subjectAgricultural and Biological Sciencesen_US
dc.subjectEnvironmental Scienceen_US
dc.subjectImmunology and Microbiologyen_US
dc.titleInfluence of black rice (Oryza sativa L.) bran derived anthocyanin-extract on growth rate, immunological response, and immune-antioxidant gene expression in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) cultivated in a biofloc systemen_US
article.title.sourcetitleFish and Shellfish Immunologyen_US
article.volume128en_US National Universityen_US Mai Universityen_US Lang Universityen_US Universityen_US
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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