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|Title:||Effect of cancer stage on health-related quality of life of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer|
|Abstract:||We compared the quality of life (QoL) of women with early versus advanced epithelial ovarian cancer and examined predicting factors for the poor QoL. We classified 157 participants into 108 with early disease (stage I–II) and 49 with advanced disease (stage III–IV). They completed two questionnaires: EORTC QLQ-C30 and Chiang Mai University (CMU) ovarian cancer QoL. For EORTC QLQ-C30, the study groups were comparable regarding global health status/QoL, functional scales, and summary scores. The advanced group had worse scores on symptom scales specifically appetite loss and constipation. For CMU Ovarian Cancer QoL, the advanced group had worse scores only in the gastrointestinal domain but not in urinary, lymphatic, and sexual/hormonal domains. These findings remained mostly unchanged after excluding those with recurrence. In multivariable analysis, currently receiving treatment was consistently associated with worse QoL scores. The advanced stage had more adverse impact only on the gastrointestinal domains of QoL, mainly during periods of receiving chemotherapy.IMPACT STATEMENTWhat is already known on this subject? Survival outcome for women with epithelial ovarian cancer varies depending mainly on stage. Those who survive advanced stage disease could expect long-term disease and treatment-related morbidities that significantly affected QoL. However, there has been very limited information regarding QoL of women who have the early disease in comparison to those with more advanced disease especially in the context of Asian culture. What do the results of this study add? Apart from the higher prevalence of gastrointestinal symptoms reported by the patients with advanced disease, the general well-being and other symptom-specific domains of QoL were comparable between women with early and advanced diseases. Receiving treatment is a consistent predictor for poor QoL. What are the implications of these findings for clinical practice and/or further research? In comparison to early-stage epithelial ovarian cancer, the advanced stage had more adverse impact only on the gastrointestinal domains of QoL, mainly during periods of receiving chemotherapy. This information will be useful for patient counselling. Future research should examine the underlying causes of this finding.|
|Appears in Collections:||CMUL: Journal Articles|
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