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|Title:||Carbon nanotube-copper oxide-supported palladium anode catalysts for electrocatalytic enhancement in formic acid oxidation|
|Keywords:||Energy;Physics and Astronomy|
|Abstract:||Pd/xCuO–10CNT (x = 1, 2, 3, 4) catalysts were synthesized using an improved polyol method. Uniformly prepared catalyst structures and chemical compositions of the catalysts delivered a high oxidation performance. The prepared catalysts were characterized via transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The formation of homogenous active Pd metal and CuO nanoparticle-modified CNT surfaces was found. Meanwhile, the electrocatalytic activity and the long-term stability performance of the prepared catalysts toward formic acid oxidation reaction (FAOR) were also employed via cyclic voltammogram (CV) and chronoamperometry (CA), respectively. Prominently, the prepared Pd/xCuO–CNT nanocomposite catalyst presented an outstanding electrocatalytic performance with a higher maximum forward peak current density (26.9 mA cm−2) than those of catalysts Pd/CNT (3.4 mA cm−2) and Pd/C (2.3 mA cm−2) toward FAOR in the H2SO4 electrolyte, representing high conductivity CNT, and dispersed Pd nanoparticles with a large active surface area, on the CuO-CNT support. Additionally, the prepared catalysts also had outstanding stability and an excellent CO poisoning tolerance through the modified Pd structures on CuO-supported CNT. The insertion of CuO onto the CNT surface before Pd loading provided additional electrochemical active sites due to the enhanced geometric and bifunctional system. CuO supports the adsorption of oxygen-containing species (OHads) on the catalyst surface, and the electron effect among Pd and Cu metals is beneficial for charge transfer.|
|Appears in Collections:||CMUL: Journal Articles|
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