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dc.contributor.authorWantida Chaiyanaen_US
dc.contributor.authorChanun Punyoyaien_US
dc.contributor.authorSuwannee Sriyaben_US
dc.contributor.authorAdchara Prommabanen_US
dc.contributor.authorSasithorn Sirilunen_US
dc.contributor.authorJakkrawut Maitipen_US
dc.contributor.authorPanuwan Chantawannakulen_US
dc.contributor.authorWaranya Neimkhumen_US
dc.contributor.authorSongyot Anuchapreedaen_US
dc.description.abstractThis study aimed to revealed anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial activities of fermented Ocimum sanctum Linn. (FE). The fermentation process with Lactobacillus plantarum was compared with the solvent extraction methods. Antimicrobial activity against the growth of Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Propionibacterium acnes, Candida albicans, and Malassezia furfur was investigated via broth dilution method. High performance thin layer chromatography was used to determine eugenol content. The anti-inflammation was investigated by means of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) expression inhibition by Western blot analysis. FE yielded the highest amount (11.93 % w/w), the highest eugenol content (39.3±12.6 % w/w), and the highest antimicrobial activities comparing to the extracts obtained from the solvent extractions. The fungal inhibition against M. furfur 656 was equivalent to that of ketoconazole. Furthermore, the bacterial inhibition on S. aureus and S. epidermidis was compared to that of Penicillin G at minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 0.125 mg/mL and 0.25 mg/mL, respectively. Interestingly, FE had lower MIC and minimum bactericidal concentration against P. acnes than Penicillin G and also possessed comparable anti-inflammatory activity to indomethacin with the NF-κB suppression of 42.7±4.6 %. Therefore, FE are potentially natural anti-inflammation and antimicrobial agents for topical applications in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries.en_US
dc.subjectBiochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biologyen_US
dc.subjectChemical Engineeringen_US
dc.titleAnti-Inflammatory and Antimicrobial Activities of Fermented Ocimum sanctum Linn. Extracts against Skin and Scalp Microorganismsen_US
article.title.sourcetitleChemistry and Biodiversityen_US
article.volume19en_US Mongkut's University of Technology North Bangkoken_US Chalermprakiet Universityen_US Mai Universityen_US
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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