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|Title:||Role of volatiles from the endophytic fungus trichoderma asperelloides psu-p1 in biocontrol potential and in promoting the plant growth of arabidopsis thaliana|
Shin Ichi Ito
Shin Ichi Ito
|Keywords:||Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Medicine|
|Abstract:||© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Fungal volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted by Trichoderma species interact with a plant host and display multifaceted mechanisms. In this study, we investigated the antifungal activity of VOCs emitted by Trichoderma asperelloides PSU-P1 against fungal pathogens, as well as the ability of VOCs to activate defense responses and to promote plant growth in Arabidopsis thaliana. The strain’s VOCs had remarkable antifungal activity against fungal pathogens, with an inhibition range of 15.92–84.95% in a volatile antifungal bioassay. The VOCs of T. asperelloides PSU-P1 promoted the plant growth of A. thaliana, thereby increasing the fresh weight, root length, and chlorophyll content in the VOC-treated A. thaliana relative to those of the control. High expression levels of the chitinase (CHI) and β-1,3-glucanase (GLU) genes were found in the VOC-treated A. thaliana by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The VOC-treated A. thaliana had higher defense-related enzyme (peroxidase (POD)) and cell wall-degrading enzyme (chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase) activity than in the control. The headspace VOCs produced by PSU-P1, trapped with solid phase microextraction, and tentatively identified by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry, included 2-methyl-1-butanol, 2-pentylfuran, acetic acid, and 6-pentyl-2H-pyran-2-one (6-PP). The results suggest that T. asperelloides PSU-P1 emits VOCs responsible for antifungal activity, for promoting plant growth, and for inducing defense responses in A. thaliana.|
|Appears in Collections:||CMUL: Journal Articles|
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