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|Title:||X-ray/proton and photoluminescence behaviors of Sm<sup>3+</sup> doped high-density tungsten gadolinium borate scintillating glass|
H. J. Kim
S. C. Kang
H. J. Kim
S. C. Kang
|Abstract:||© 2020 Elsevier B.V. Sm-activated scintillating glasses with high WO3 concentration up to 42.5 mol% were studied in this work. The effects of Sm2O3 concentration on the density, absorption and various (photo-, X-ray induced-, proton- and temperature dependent-) luminescence properties have been monitored. The glasses possess a high density with maximum value around 6.18 g/cm3. The glass samples show the several absorption peaks of visible light and near-infrared wavelength those confirm the Sm3+ ion existence in glass matrices. The Gd3+→ Sm3+ energy transfer took place in glasses which resulted to the strongest emission around 600 nm (4G5/2 → 6H7/2) of Sm3+ in the photo-, X-ray induced- and proton luminescence spectra. The optimal doping concentration of Sm2O3 in WO3-Gd2O3˗B2O3 glass is 1.0 mol% that performed the highest emission intensity in these three types of luminescence spectra. In 1.0 mol% doped glass, the decay time under pulse X-ray excitation was analyzed and found to be 0.27 ms. The temperature dependent luminescence in a range of 10 K–300 K of 1.0 mol% doped glass was measured via UV-laser excitation. The emission intensity of glass increased 3.76 times with the temperature decrease. In this work, the fabricated WO3-Gd2O3˗B2O3 glasses doped with Sm2O3 show the strong visible luminescence under visible light, X-ray and proton excitation. The developed glass performs the potential for X-ray scintillator applications with integration mode using in the medical, industrial and security imaging inspection system.|
|Appears in Collections:||CMUL: Journal Articles|
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