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dc.contributor.authorE. Ringøen_US
dc.contributor.authorH. Van Doanen_US
dc.contributor.authorS. H. Leeen_US
dc.contributor.authorM. Soltanien_US
dc.contributor.authorS. H. Hoseinifaren_US
dc.contributor.authorR. Harikrishnanen_US
dc.contributor.authorS. K. Songen_US
dc.description.abstract© 2020 The Authors. Journal of Applied Microbiology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Society for Applied Microbiology Probiotics administration in aquafeed is known to increase feed consumption and absorption due to their capacity to release a wide range of digestive enzymes and nutrients which can participate in digestion process and feed utilization, along with the absorption of diet components led to an increase in host’s health and well-being. Furthermore, probiotics improve gut maturation, prevention of intestinal disorders, predigestion of antinutrient factors found in the feed ingredients, gut microbiota, disease resistance against pathogens and metabolism. The beneficial immune effects of probiotics are well established in finfish. However, in comparison, similar studies are less abundant in the shellfish. In this review, the discussions will mainly focus on studies reported the last 2 years. In recent studies, native probiotic bacteria were isolated and fed back to their hosts. Although beneficial effects were demonstrated, some studies showed adverse effects when treated with a high concentration. This adverse effect may be due to the imbalance of the gut microbiota caused by the replenished commensal probiotics. Probiotics revealed greatest effect on the shrimp digestive system particularly in the larval and early post-larval stages, and stimulate the production of endogenous enzymes in shrimp and contribute with improved the enzyme activities in the gut, as well as disease resistance.en_US
dc.subjectBiochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biologyen_US
dc.subjectImmunology and Microbiologyen_US
dc.titleProbiotics, lactic acid bacteria and bacilli: interesting supplementation for aquacultureen_US
article.title.sourcetitleJournal of Applied Microbiologyen_US
article.volume129en_US Global Universityen_US University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resourcesen_US of Tehranen_US The Arctic University of Norwayen_US Universityen_US's Collegeen_US Mai Universityen_US
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