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Title: Effects of dapagliflozin vs vildagliptin on cardiometabolic parameters in diabetic patients with coronary artery disease: a randomised study
Authors: Arintaya Phrommintikul
Wanwarang Wongcharoen
Sirinart Kumfu
Thidarat Jaiwongkam
Siriluck Gunaparn
Siriporn Chattipakorn
Nipon Chattipakorn
Keywords: Medicine
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2019
Abstract: © 2019 The British Pharmacological Society Aims: Sodium glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors have been shown to reduce cardiovascular events and heart failure in type 2 diabetic (T2D) patients with high cardiovascular risk. Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors showed neutral effects and may increase risk of heart failure. We aimed to compare cardiometabolic effects of dapagliflozin and vildagliptin in T2D patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: Forty-nine T2D patients with CAD were randomly assigned to dapagliflozin (n = 25) or vildagliptin (n = 24) for 6 months in a double-blind fashion. Cardiometabolic parameters were collected at baseline and at the end of treatments. Results: Mean age was 63.2 ± 7.9 years (female 46.9%). Baseline characteristics did not differ between two groups. At 6 months, HbA1C significantly decreased in both dapaglifozin and vildagliptin groups (0.6 ± 1.0% vs 0.8 ± 1.4%, P = 0.22, respectively). There was no difference between the changes in lipid profiles. Body mass index decreased in patients receiving dapagliflozin, whereas it increased in those receiving vildagliptin (−1.27 [95% confidence interval −2.01, −0.53] vs 1.72 [0.72, 2.72] kg, P < 0.001). The reduction in systolic blood pressure and high-sensitivity troponin T was observed in the dapagliflozin group (−9.87 [−18.00, −1.15] mmHg and 2.49 [−4.50, −0.47] pg/mL) but not in vildagliptin group (−1.97 [−9.42, 5.48] mmHg and 1.98 [−0.02, 3.97] pg/mL). The mean haemoglobin increased in the dapagliflozin group, whereas the mean platelet volume increased in the vildagliptin group. There was no significant change in the inflammatory markers in both the groups. Conclusions: The extraglycaemic effects of dapagliflozin and vildagliptin on cardiometabolic parameters in T2D with CAD were different. The more favourable effects of dapagliflozin compared to vildagliptin may have explained the cardiovascular benefits observed only in sodium glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors.
ISSN: 13652125
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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