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Title: Crystal Structure and XANES Study of Defect Perovskite (Y<inf>1−x</inf>Pr<inf>x</inf>)<inf>1+δ</inf>Ba<inf>2−δ</inf>Cu<inf>3</inf>O<inf>7−y</inf> Compounds Prepared by Solid State Synthesis Method
Authors: Poom Prayoonphokkharat
Penphitcha Amonpattaratkit
Anucha Watcharapasorn
Keywords: Materials Science
Issue Date: 1-May-2019
Abstract: © 2019, The Korean Institute of Metals and Materials. Abstract: In this research, the processing and characterization of (Y1−xPrx)1+δBa2−δCu3O7−y cuprate perovskite powder were studied. The experimental powder samples of (Y1−xPrx)1+δBa2−δCu3O7−y (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) were prepared using a conventional solid-state reaction method. The starting powders in appropriate ratios were mixed with 6 mol% excess of A-site ions to reduce the amount of BaCuO2 and PrBaO3 second phases and calcined at 880 °C for 12 h in normal atmosphere. The calcined powders were investigated for phase content using X-ray diffraction technique and detailed structural parameters were obtained by Rietveld refinement. The microstructure of the powders was investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The chemical composition was carried out by energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDS). The oxidation state and coordination of Pr and Cu were determined by X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy. It was found that high-purity (Y,Pr)BCO powders could be obtained. By the Rietveld refinement, the overall unit cell volume increased with increasing Pr content. SEM–EDS images showed that the particle size was about 1–5 μm and the elemental composition of (Y + Pr):Ba:Cu = 1:2:3. Pr and Cu XANES spectra indicated that the average formal valence was larger than 3 for Pr and 2 for Cu. However, the peak shifted to lower valence state at higher concentration of Pr. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].
ISSN: 20936788
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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