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|Survey of sand ﬂ ies and Leishmania infection in Doi Saket District, Chiang Mai Province, Thailand
|การสํารวจริ้นฝอยทราย และการตรวจหาลิชมาเนีย ในอําเภอดอยสะเก็ด เชียงใหม่ ประเทศไทย
|Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University
|Objectives To survey sand ﬂ ies in areas near the residence of a leishmaniasis patient’s home in Doi Saket District, Chiang Mai Province, Thailand and examine the Leishmania DNA. Methods Sand ﬂ ies were collected using CDC light traps for two consecutive nights between 6 PM and 6 AM from February through September 2016. The study areas included rice ﬁ elds, banana trees, chicken coops, and stacks of ﬁ rewood. The Leishmania DNA was examined using a PCR method. Results A total of 863 adult sand ﬂ ies were collected. Among the 425 females, ﬁ ve species were morphologically identiﬁ ed, i.e., Phlebotomus stantoni, Sergentomyia gemmea, S. barraudi, S. indica, and S. hivernus. Sergentomyia indica was the predominant species. Most of the ﬂ ies were collected from chicken coops. The highest density of sand ﬂ ies captured was in May with an average temperature of about 29 ºC and relative humidity of approximately 61%. No Leishmania DNA was detected in any of the sand ﬂ ies collected in this study. Conclusions This study provided information on the different distribution patterns of sand ﬂ y species in Doi Saket District, Chiang Mai Province, Thailand where the leishmaniasis case was located. No Leishmania DNA was detected in the sand ﬂ ies collected in this study. Further study is required to better understand the vector status of sand ﬂ ies in Thailand.
|Chiang Mai Medical Journal (Formerly Chiang Mai Medical Bulletin) is an official journal of the Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University. It accepts original papers on clinical and experimental research that are pertinent in the biomedical sciences. The Journal is published 4 issues/year (i.e., Mar, Jun, Sep, and Dec).
|Appears in Collections:
|CMUL: Journal Articles
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