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|Title:||Matrix metalloproteinases and myocardial infarction|
|Abstract:||Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is currently one of the most important health problems in many countries around the world. Following AMI, many cytokines and proteolytic enzymes are released. Among these, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are important proteolytic enzymes that lead to degradation of the extracellular matrix and to changes in cardiomyocytes in both infarcted and noninfarcted myocardium. This process is known as cardiac remodelling. It has been demonstrated that more than one type of MMP is present in the circulation after cardiomyocyte injury. A number of studies have demonstrated the correlations between these MMP levels and the severity of a coronary lesion, the progression of left ventricular dimension and the survival rate following AMI in both animal and human studies. MMPs have also been proposed as a possible novel prognostic indicator for myocardial infarction patients. Although the use of MMP inhibitors to improve cardiac outcome in AMI patients has been investigated, discrepancies in the results from those studies indicate that further research is still needed to warrant their beneficial effects. In the present review article, the roles of MMPs as prognostic indicators, as well as the factors influencing MMP expression, are discussed. Current findings on the role of MMP inhibitors in cardiac remodelling and the prognosis after AMI in both animal models and clinical studies are also examined. ©2007 Pulsus Group Inc. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||CMUL: Journal Articles|
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