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dc.contributor.authorKittikorn Boonsrien_US
dc.contributor.authorChaleamchat Somgirden_US
dc.contributor.authorPheudphol Noinafaien_US
dc.contributor.authorKidsadagon Pringproaen_US
dc.contributor.authorThittaya Janyamethakulen_US
dc.contributor.authorTaweepoke Angkawanishen_US
dc.contributor.authorJanine L. Brownen_US
dc.contributor.authorPallop Tankaewen_US
dc.contributor.authorSaralee Srivorakulen_US
dc.contributor.authorChatchote Thitaramen_US
dc.description.abstract© Copyright 2018 by American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. Elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus (EEHV) is an infection associated with fatal hemorrhagic disease in young Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). This brief communication describes the postmortem evaluation of two Asian elephant calves diagnosed with EEHV4 and EEHV1A in conjunction with Clostridium perfringens infection. Case 1 was a 7-mo-old, male captive-born Asian elephant that developed diarrhea and died 2 days after clinical presentation. Examination of the heart, lungs, liver, and spleen revealed predominantly basophilic intranuclear inclusion bodies in the endothelial cells of the blood vessels. Case 2 was a 3-mo-old, female wild-born Asian elephant that showed signs of lethargy, anorexia, and convulsions and died 6 hr after clinical presentation. No intranuclear inclusion bodies were observed. The heart, lung, liver, and spleen of both calves tested positive for EEHV by polymerase chain reaction. Phylogenetic analysis identified EEHV4 and EEHV1A in Case 1 and 2, respectively. Additionally, liver, spleen, and hemorrhagic intestinal tissue samples tested positive for C. perfringens α, β, and ϵ toxins. This is the first reported case to describe coinfection of EEHV and C. perfringens in Asian elephant calves.en_US
dc.subjectAgricultural and Biological Sciencesen_US
dc.titleElephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus associated with clostridium perfringens infection in two Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) calvesen_US
article.title.sourcetitleJournal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicineen_US
article.volume49en_US Mai Universityen_US Rai Provincial Public Health Officeen_US Elephant Instituteen_US for Species Survivalen_US
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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