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dc.contributor.authorSutiam Kruawanen_US
dc.contributor.authorManussada Ratanasaken_US
dc.contributor.authorRungroj Chanajareeen_US
dc.contributor.authorThanyada Rungrotmongkolen_US
dc.contributor.authorOraphan Saengsawangen_US
dc.contributor.authorVudhichai Parasuken_US
dc.contributor.authorNawee Kungwanen_US
dc.contributor.authorSupot Hannongbuaen_US
dc.description.abstract© 2017 Density functional theory (DFT) calculations have been carried out to investigate the ethylene insertion pathway using a Ziegler-Natta catalyst in the absence and presence of electron donor (ED) systems on the (1 1 0) MgCl2surface. The coadsorptions of four different EDs i.e. Si(OEt)mCln(m + n = 4) were investigated. The presence of Si(OEt)4on the (1 1 0) MgCl2surface with the preferential bidentate mode was found to have the strongest adsorption energy (ΔEads). The potential energy surface (PES) map indicated that the reaction mechanism of the ethylene insertion into the Ti[sbnd]C bond on the (1 1 0) Mg13Cl26.TiCl3-CH2CH3surface is pseudo-concerted. As the differences in the intrinsic activation energies (ΔEa) obtained from all systems are so small, this energy cannot be used to fully explain the significant changes in the rates of the ethylene insertion reaction observed when an ED is employed. Here, the apparent activation energy (ΔΔEaa) was calculated using the PBE functional and the 6-31G(d, p) basis set for C, H, O, Mg and Cl, and the LANL2DZ basis set with an ECP function for the Ti atom. All EDs presented in this work in the ethylene insertion reaction can significantly reduce the apparent energy barrier when compared to an absence of any ED system. The obtained ΔΔEaafor the four ED complexes were found to decrease in the following order: SiOEtCl3 > Si(OEt)2Cl2 > Si(OEt)3Cl > Si(OEt)4. The obtained data lead to the conclusion that Si(OEt)4is the most suitable ED to increase the productivity of PE in the presence of alkoxysilane.en_US
dc.subjectBiochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biologyen_US
dc.subjectPhysics and Astronomyen_US
dc.titleEthylene insertion in the presence of new alkoxysilane electron donors for Ziegler-Natta catalyzed polyethyleneen_US
article.title.sourcetitleComputational and Theoretical Chemistryen_US
article.volume1112en_US Universityen_US Public Company Limiteden_US Mai Universityen_US
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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