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Title: Attachment Ability of Human Apical Papilla Cells to Root Dentin Surfaces Treated with Either 3Mix or Calcium Hydroxide
Authors: Pattama Kitikuson
Tanida Srisuwan
Authors: Pattama Kitikuson
Tanida Srisuwan
Keywords: Dentistry
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2016
Abstract: © 2016 American Association of Endodontists. Introduction Tissue regeneration and root continuation are the ultimate goals in regenerative endodontics. Apical papilla cells (APCs) have been hypothesized to play roles in those processes. Therefore, preservation of cell vitality and promoting initial cell attachment seem to be crucial steps. The purposes of this study were to investigate the attachment ability and morphology of viable human APCs by using fibronectin immunofluoresence, alamarBlue assay, and scanning electron microscopy, when APCs were grown on human root dentin surfaces treated with 3Mix or calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2) at different concentrations. Methods Human root dentin slices were divided into 6 groups: (1) control, (2) 3Mix 0.39 μg/mL, (3) 3Mix 100 μg/mL, (4) 3Mix paste, (5) Ca(OH)21 mg/mL, and (6) Ca(OH)21000 mg/mL. All samples were separately treated for 7 days and final rinsed with 17% EDTA. Then primary human APCs were seeded. Fibronectin immunofluorescence was used to evaluate the attachment ability of APCs on treated dentin. A vitality assay by using alamarBlue was monitored at specific time intervals. The morphology of the cells on the dentin was observed under scanning electron microscopy. Results The lowest number of fibronectin-positive cells was observed on root dentin treated with 3Mix paste (P <.05). The 3Mix at 0.39 and 100 μg/mL did not affect the amount of APC attachment, whereas the viability of APCs on the dentin surface was significantly lower in the 100-μg/mL 3Mix-treated group than in the negative control group (P <.05). Both concentrations of Ca(OH)2induced APC attachment (P <.05). Moreover, only cells grown on the surfaces treated with Ca(OH)2exhibited cytoplasmic processes. Conclusions Human root dentin treated with 3Mix paste had significantly lower APC attachment. The 3Mix at 0.39 μg/mL and 100 μg/mL had no significant negative effect on APC attachment on dentin. Higher numbers of cells attaching on dentin were observed in calcium hydroxide-treated groups.
ISSN: 00992399
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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