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dc.contributor.authorZheguang Linen_US
dc.contributor.authorPaul Pageen_US
dc.contributor.authorLi Lien_US
dc.contributor.authorYao Qinen_US
dc.contributor.authorYingying Zhangen_US
dc.contributor.authorFuliang Huen_US
dc.contributor.authorPeter Neumannen_US
dc.contributor.authorHuoqing Zhengen_US
dc.contributor.authorVincent Dietemannen_US
dc.description.abstract© 2016 Lin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. The poor health status of the Western honey bee, Apis mellifera, compared to its Eastern counterpart, Apis cerana, is remarkable. This has been attributed to lower pathogen prevalence in A. cerana colonies and to their ability to survive infestations with the ectoparasitic mite, Varroa destructor. These properties have been linked to an enhanced removal of dead or unhealthy immature bees by adult workers in this species. Although such hygienic behavior is known to contribute to honey bee colony health, comparative data of A. mellifera and A. cerana in performing this task are scarce. Here, we compare for the first time the removal of freeze-killed brood in one population of each species and over two seasons in China. Our results show that A. cerana was significantly faster than A. mellifera at both opening cell caps and removing freeze-killed brood. The fast detection and removal of diseased brood is likely to limit the proliferation of pathogenic agents. Given our results can be generalized to the species level, a rapid hygienic response could contribute to the better health of A. cerana. Promoting the fast detection and removal of worker brood through adapted breeding programs could further improve the social immunity of A. mellifera colonies and contribute to a better health status of the Western honey bee worldwide.en_US
dc.subjectAgricultural and Biological Sciencesen_US
dc.subjectBiochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biologyen_US
dc.titleGo east for better honey bee health: Apis cerana is faster at hygienic behavior than A. melliferaen_US
article.title.sourcetitlePLoS ONEen_US
article.volume11en_US Universityen_US Agroscope Changins-Wadenswilen_US Bernen_US Mai Universityen_US van Pretoriaen_US
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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