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Title: Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor improves cardiac function by attenuating adverse cardiac remodelling in rats with chronic myocardial infarction
Authors: Tharnwimol Inthachai
Suree Lekawanvijit
Sirinart Kumfu
Nattayaporn Apaijai
Wanpitak Pongkan
Siriporn C. Chattipakorn
Nipon Chattipakorn
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2015
Abstract: © 2015 The Authors. Experimental Physiology © 2015 The Physiological Society. New Findings: What is the central question of this study? Although cardioprotective effects of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors have been demonstrated, their cardiac effects in chronic myocardial infarction (MI) are unclear. We determined the effects of a DPP-4 inhibitor on cardiac function and remodelling in rats with chronic MI. What is the main finding and its importance? We demonstrated, for the first time, that DPP-4 inhibitor, but not metformin, exerted similar efficacy in improving cardiac function and attenuating cardiac fibrosis compared with enalapril in rats with chronic MI. These findings reveal benefits additional to the glycaemic control by the DPP-4 inhibitor in chronic MI, and it might become the new drug of choice for MI in patients with diabetes mellitus. Adverse cardiac remodelling after myocardial infarction (MI) leads to progressive heart failure. Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors are new antidiabetic drugs that exert cardioprotection. However, their role in cardiac function and remodelling in chronic MI is unclear. We hypothesized that the DPP-4 inhibitor vildagliptin reduces adverse cardiac remodelling and improves cardiac function in rats with chronic MI. These effects were also compared with enalapril and metformin. Male Wistar rats (n = 36) with chronic MI induced by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery were divided into six groups to receive vehicle, vildagliptin (3 mg kg<sup>-1</sup> day<sup>-1</sup>), metformin (30 mg kg<sup>-1</sup> day<sup>-1</sup>), enalapril (10 mg kg<sup>-1</sup> day<sup>-1</sup>), combined metformin and enalapril or combined vildagliptin and enalapril for 8 weeks. At the end of the study, plasma malondialdehyde (MDA), heart rate variability (HRV), left ventricular (LV) function, pathological and biochemical studies of cardiac remodelling were investigated. Our study demonstrated that rats with chronic MI had increased oxidative stress levels, depressed HRV, adverse cardiac remodelling, indicated by cardiac fibrosis, and LV dysfunction. Treatment with vildagliptin or enalapril significantly decreased oxidative stress, attenuated cardiac fibrosis and improved HRV and LV function. We conclude that vildagliptin exerts similar cardioprotective effects to enalapril in attenuating oxidative stress and cardiac fibrosis and improving cardiac function in rats with chronic MI. Metformin does not provide these benefits in this model. Moreover, addition of either metformin or vildagliptin to enalapril does not provide additional benefit in attenuating cardiac remodelling or improving LV function compared with enalapril alone.
ISSN: 1469445X
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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