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Title: Dielectric, ferroelectric and electric field-induced strain behavior of Ba(Ti<inf>0.90</inf>Sn<inf>0.10</inf>)O<inf>3</inf>-modified Bi<inf>0.5</inf>(Na<inf>0.80</inf>K<inf>0.20</inf>)<inf>0.5</inf>TiO<inf>3</inf>lead-free piezoelectrics
Authors: Pharatree Jaita
Anucha Watcharapasorn
David P. Cann
Sukanda Jiansirisomboon
Keywords: Engineering
Materials Science
Issue Date: 25-May-2014
Abstract: Lead-free piezoelectric ceramics of (1 - x)Bi0.5(Na0.80K0.20)0.5TiO3-xBa(Ti0.90Sn0.10)O3or (1 - x)BNKT-xBTS (when x = 0-0.20 mol fraction) were investigated. Optimum sintering temperature was found to be 1125 C at which all compositions had relative densities 98-99% of their theoretical values. All compositions exhibited a single perovskite structure. The unit cell size expansion was observed as BTS content increased. A slight reduction of grain size was noticeable when small amount of BTS was added. The BNKT-0.05BTS sample had a large electric field-induced strain (Smax) of 0.36% which corresponded to the normalized strain coefficient (d33â̂ -) of 649 pm/V. The highest piezoelectric coefficient (d33= 215 pC/N) with good dielectric (Ér= 1721, tan δ = 0.0724 and Tc= 333 C) and ferroelectric properties (Pr= 20.49 μC/cm2, Rsq= 0.87) were obtained for BNKT-0.10BTS sample, suggesting that this composition had a potential to be one of the promising lead-free piezoelectric candidates for further use in actual applications. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 09258388
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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