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Title: Tannins of tamarind seed husk: Preparation, structural characterization, and antioxidant activities
Authors: Puksiri Sinchaiyakit
Yohji Ezure
Sarin Sriprang
Supakorn Pongbangpho
Nasapon Povichit
Maitree Suttajit
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
Issue Date: 22-Jun-2011
Abstract: The high content (about 39%) of polymeric tannins in tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.) seed husk (TSH) was demonstrated, and an extract (crude TSE) with a high content (about 94%) of polymeric tannins was prepared from TSH with a one pot extraction using ethanol/water (3:2, v/v). The crude TSE was further purified with Sephadex LH20 to give one fraction (metTSE) eluted with methanol/water (3:2, v/v) and another (acTSE) eluted with acetone/water (3:2, v/v). The tannins of acTSE were established as polymeric proanthocyanidins (PA) by 13C NMR spectroscopy; this was further confirmed by IR and UV spectroscopy, n-BuOH/HCl and vanillin assays, and from HPLC pattern. The ratio of procyanidins to prodelphinidins was 2:3, and the average degree of polymerization of acTSE was 7. Galloylated flavan-3-ols were not detected in acTSE. The main ingredients of metTSE were confirmed to be polymeric PA by 13C NMR spectroscopy. The antioxidant activities using DPPH and ABTS assays were investigated. The IC50 values of acTSE were 4.2±0.2 (DPPH assay) and 6.2±0.3 μg/mL (ABTS assay).
ISSN: 15559475
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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